This page offers insight to the technical aspects of the Acuscope and Myopulse instruments, and important information when using these instruments on large and small animals. Included is scientific research, and information from Dr. Nebrensky himself.
Presently, there are only two calibrations of the Acuscope and Myopulse instruments available, which are human calibrated instruments, and animal calibrated instruments. The need for proper instrument calibration is due to the physiological differences between human and animal cellular function. When you are wanting to utilize the Acuscope and Myopulse instruments to the best of their ability for horses and dogs (large and small animals), having properly calibrated instruments is essential for safe and effective treatments.
The biofeedback system being used by the human calibrated instruments is neither correct nor precise when interacting with animal tissue. The results and responses will not be nearly as effective as when the animal calibrated instruments are utilized, therefore the treatment is undoubtedly compromised when using a human calibrated instrument on animal tissue.
The Animal Calibrated Acuscope and Myopulse instruments far surpass the human instruments in their ability to fine tune the muscles, tendons, ligaments, fascia, and nervous system of the animal. The correct calibration is necessary in order to obtain faster, far-superior results with this therapy system. These instruments have been specifically designed to interface with animal anatomy as well as their unique metabolism and physiology. In order to treat patients properly and optimize results, the calibration is a very important factor. This factor should definitely be taken into consideration when choosing a Certified Animal Acuscope Therapist to work on your animal, or when choosing to become an Animal Acuscope Therapist yourself.
A technical explanation for the importance of using correctly calibrated instruments written by Dr. Anthony Nebrensky:
"The instrument calibration is a very important factor due to remarkable differences which exist within the distribution of the electrical current between human and animal subjects. In the collected measurement of bio-impedance from cross sectional areas of excitation points can show up to 30%-90% in difference (depending on the breed of animal) caused by dynamic changes in pulsatile blood flow to organs, arterial pulse waveforms and respiration.
This means that if the instrument is not calibrated for animal use, the impedance window becomes too large and the constant current stage of the excitation source will not be able to supply enough voltage to keep the signal constant. This will result in lower than expected values, noisy "pulsatile" imprecise and indistinct data signals.
We recommend Acuscope users to calibrate instruments for use in animal therapy."
Dr. Nebrensky, along with other scientists have completed over 50 years of research and scientific studies that has lead to the success of the Electro-Acuscope/Myopulse Therapy System. When wanting to utilize the Acuscope for horses, and for small animals, you will achieve the most optimal benefits by ensuring that your equipment (or the equipment of your therapist) is properly calibrated to interface with animal tissue.
In 1982 Ngok Cheng published, “The Effect of Electric Currents on ATP Generation, Protein Synthesis and Membrane Transport in Rat Skin in Clinical Orthopedics” (volume 171: pages 264-272). This study showed that microcurrent increased ATP production in rat skin by 500%. ATP is the chemical that the body uses for energy. The current also increased amino acid transport into the cell by 70% and waste product removal. The implications for human healing and repair are obvious. ATP production was increased as long as the current was below 500 microamps. When the authors increased the current to 1000 micro amps, or one milliamp, a current range delivered by TENS devices and other types of electrical stimulation therapies, the ATP production was actually reduced.
"Electrostimulation of the tissue resulted in remarkably increased ATP concentrations. With currents from 50μA to1000μA, the ATP levels were increased threefold to fivefold. With currents from 100μA to 500μA, the stimulatory effects were similar. With currents exceeding 1000μA, the ATP concentration leveled, and with 5000μA, they were even reduced slightly as compared with the non-treated controls."
Direct electric currents ranging from 10μA to 1000μA increase ATP concentrations in the tissue and stimulate amino acid incorporation into the proteins of rat skin. The amino acid transport through the cell membrane, followed by theα-aminoisobutyric aciduptake, is stimulated between 100μA and 750μA. The stimulatory effects on ATP production and on amino acid transport, apparently mediated by different mechanisms, contribute to the final increased protein synthesizing activity, DNA metabolism followed by thymidine incorporation remains unaffected during the course of current application. The effects on ATP production can be explained by proton movements on the basis of the chemiosmotic theory of Mitchell, while the transport functions are controlled by modifications in the electrical gradients across the membranes.
This study shows the importance and efficacy of microcurrent therapy.
ATP production is how our bodies produce energy. It is important in sports, and especially in equine sports therapy, that we are ensuring that equine athletes are able to optimize their body's own energy production, and not inhibiting it. When energy production and waste elimination are optimized within the body, that is where health and effective recovery (and ultimate performance) takes place.
Whenever there is high voltage used on equine athletes, it is predisposing the body to injury by decreasing the body's ability to produce its own natural energy. This inhibits the healing and recovery process. Anything that causes tetanic contraction (where the body involuntarily spasms or contracts) is considered high voltage, and is actively disrupting the body's ability to function in a normalized state.
Written by: Molly Wells
In Athletes Treated with the Myopulse (Impedance-Controlled Micro-Current Muscle Stim)
Jack Scott, Ph.D., and Robert Picker, M.D.
Both authors of this study were competitive track and field athletes in college (Stanford and Northwestern) approximately twenty years ago, and are still active in sports and physical fitness. Dr. Scott, for fifteen years, worked as a sport psychologist helping athletes to maximize their performance; and Dr. Picker, using a holistic, nutritional approach to medicine, has also helped athletes reach their maximum level of performance. Drs. Scott and Picker have a private practice together in Berkeley, California. The core of their practice revolves around their use of the Electro-Acuscope, a transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation instrument. They have had over 90% success rate using the Electro-Acuscope for problems ranging from headaches, asthma, menstrual cramps, chronic pain, tendonitis, and a wide assortment of athletic injuries.
Despite the extraordinary success the authors have had working with the Electro-Acuscope, they greeted with skepticism claims that the inventor of the Acuscope had developed a new ìnstrument, the Myopulse, which could significantly increase strength levels in athletes. The authors had heard all too many similar claims during their twenty-five years involvement in competitive athletics. However, when a ten-minute treatment with the Myopulse significantly improved a fifteen year old injury to Dr. Scott’s left quadricep, “the injured leg felt better than the good one”, the authors agreed to use the Myopulse on several athletes they were seeing in their private practice.
There is no doubt in the authors’ minds that the evidence is conclusively impressive. We (Drs. Scott and Picker) continue to use the Electro-Acuscope and Myopulse in combination in our practices. We continue to see consistent results in pain management and rehabilitation cases. We are convinced that a serious study in a more closely controlled clinical setting would even further support the claim that the Myopulse increases muscle strength in athletes. It is our expressed personal conviction that the Electro-Acuscope and Myopulse in combination with weight training can provide a safe, effective, noninvasive approach to rehabilitation and improvement of sports performance.
This study that was performed on human athletes is a great testament to the legitimacy of the Electro-Acuscope/Myopulse Therapy System.
In the equine performance industry, countless cases have shown improvement in the horse's strength and power after receiving sessions with the animal calibrated instruments. Equine athletes have been reported to have more propulsion, more power, increased strength, and improved control throughout their body. These reports also come with feedback that the horses feel more fluid, focused, and relaxed following their sessions.
Molly Wells is the only therapist in the world who has worked with professional athletes, and equine athletes to compare treatment responses between human and equine athletes. She designed her exclusive treatment program for professional sports through Elite Athletic Consultants, testing every proprietary protocol that she uses on MLB and NFL athletes on her equine clients. Human athletes are able to give verbal feedback, along with statistical monitoring. Equine athletes are equivalent to blind studies to watch how they respond to treatments without having outside or uncontrolled influences. When horses feel better, they perform better. It's their natural instinct for survival.